Chiovini et al Neuron 2014

Using fast 3D two-photon imaging (Femto3D-AO) in combination with electrophysiological recordings and a caged glutamate compound (DNI-Glu-TFA), Chiovini et al demonstrated that a single activation of clustered glutamatergic inputs in the distal dendrites of FS-PV INs, which generate a depolarizing hump and reproduce the hot spots associated with spontaneous SPW-R events, is capable of generating secondary membrane oscillations in the ripple frequency range.

Chiovini et al, Neuron (2014)